Михаил Назаренко (petro_gulak) wrote,
Михаил Назаренко
petro_gulak

О поздних Эпохах (1)

030-31-The-Black-Ship-copy-

В очень старых файлах я откопал один давний толкинистский проект (некоторые из вас знают, о чем речь) и в обозримом будущем выложу его в сеть, а пока что – считайте, тизер.

Известно, что «Сильмариллион» Кристофера – это коллаж, где в одном абзаце могут соединяться фрагменты текстов, разделенных не то что годами, а десятилетиями. Я в свое время попробовал сделать нечто подобное, собрав всё или почти всё, что нам известно о Четвертой и последующих эпохах (не учитывая тексты о христианской эре – «Книги утраченных сказаний», «Гибель Артура», «Notion Club Papers»; но учитывая черновики, постольку поскольку они не противоречат каноническим текстам).

И вот что получилось.



THE LATER AGES OF MIDDLE-EARTH

THE TALE OF YEARS OF THE FOURTH AGE (Expanded)

In the autumn of year 3021 Elrond, Galadriel, and Mithrandir, the guardians of the Three Rings, rode west ward through the Shire to the Grey Havens. With them went, it is said, the Halflings Bilbo and Frodo, the Ring-bearers. Círdan had made ready a ship for them, and they set sail at evening and passed into the uttermost West. With their passing ended the Third Age, the twilight between the Elder Days and the Afterworld which then began;[1] for the Fourth Age ushered in the Dominion of Men and the decline of all other 'speaking folk' of the Westlands.[2]
Here ends the main matter of the Red Book. But more is to be learned both from notes and additions in later hands in the Red Book (less trustworthy than the earlier parts); and from the Annals of the House of Elessar, of which parts of a Halfling translation (made it is said by the Tooks) are preserved.
So much may here be noted. The reign of King Elessar was long and glorious.[3] Though Sauron had passed, the hatreds and evils that he bred had not died, and the King of the West had many enemies to subdue before the White Tree could grow in peace.[4] The chief commanders, under the King, were Faramir and Imrahil; and one of these remained a military commander at home in the King's absence. The Prince of Ithilien was the resident march-warden of Gondor, in its main eastward outpost – and also had many duties in rehabilitating the lost territory, and clearing it of outlaws and orc-remnants, not to speak of the dreadful vale of Minas Ithil.[5] And wherever King Elessar went with war King Éomer went with him; and beyond the Sea of Rhûn and on the far fields of the South the thunder of the cavalry of the Mark was heard, and the White Horse upon Green flew in many winds until Éomer grew old.[6]
Bard II, Brand's son, became King in Dale, and Thorin III Stonehelm, Dáin's son, became King under the Mountain. They sent their ambassadors to the crowning of King Elessar; and their realms remained ever after, as long as they lasted, in friendship with Gondor; and they were under the crown and protection of the King of the West.[7]
King Elessar made peace with the peoples of Harad; and the slaves of Mordor he released and gave to them all the lands about Lake Núrnen to be their own;[8] but Umbar was retaken by Gondor for the first time in more than a thousand years.[9] The Forest of Drúadan the King gave to Ghân-buri-Ghân and to his folk, to be their own for ever, and hereafter no man could enter it without their leave;[10] and the same privilege was given to the Hobbits of the Shire.[11] 'Our King', the Hobbits called him.[12]
A Númenórean King was monarch, with the power of unquestioned decision in debate; but he governed the realm with the frame of ancient law, of which he was administrator (and interpreter) but not the maker. In all debatable matters of importance domestic, or external, however, even Denethor had a Council, and at least listened to what the Lords of the Fiefs and the Captains of the Forces had to say. King Elessar re-established the Great Council of Gondor, and in that Faramir, who remained by inheritance the Steward (or representative of the King during his absence abroad, or sickness, or between his death and the accession of his heir) was the chief counsellor.[13]
Elessar was a king and a priest, the two being identical in Númenórean ideas. It is known that the Dúnedain had no petitionary prayers to God. They escaped from 'religion' in a pagan sense, into a pure monotheist world, in which all things and beings and powers that might seem worshipful were not to be worshipped, not even the Valar, being only creatures of the One. And He was immensely remote. Yet there had been a 'hallow' on Mindolluin, only approachable by the King, where he had anciently offered thanks and praise on behalf of his people; but it had been forgotten. It was re-entered by Elessar, and with the reemergence of the lineal priest kings (of whom Lúthien the Blessed Elf-maiden was a foremother) the worship of God was renewed, and His Name (or title) was again more often heard. But there was no temple of the True God while Númenórean influence lasted.[14]
Minas Tirith was rebuilt and made stronger and fairer than before; for the king had the assistance of the stone-wrights of Erebor. Gimli Gloin's son of Erebor brought part of the dwarf-folk and they dwelt in the White Mountains and wrought great and wonderful works in Gondor,[15] and he became Lord of the Glittering Caves.[16] The Dwarves also forged anew great gates of mithriland steel to replace those broken in the siege. Legolas Thranduil's son brought Elves out of Greenwood (to which name Mirkwood now returned), and they dwelt in Ithilien, and it became the fairest region in all the Westlands.[17] Legolas himself devised gardens for Prince Faramir’s new house in Emyn Arnen, and they were renowned.[18]
King Thranduil ruled all the northern region of the Greenwood as far as the mountains that rise in the forest; and Celeborn took the southern wood below the Narrows, and named it East Lórien; all the wide forest between was given to the Beornings and the Woodmen. But after the passing of Galadriel in a few years Celeborn grew weary of his realm and went to Imladris to dwell with the sons of Elrond;[19] but there is no record of the day when at last he sought the Grey Havens, and with him went the last living memory of the Elder Days in Middle-earth.[20] In the Greenwood the Silvan Elves remained untroubled, but in Lórien there lingered sadly only a few of its former people, and there was no longer light or song in Caras Galadhon,[21] and none walked under the white birches in the garden of Rivendell.[22]
The part played by the Hobbits in the great events awakened among them a more widespread interest in their own history. By the end of the first century of the Fourth Age there were already to be found in the Shire several libraries that contained many historical books and records.[23] And yet fear of the Sea and distrust of all Elvish lore was certainly not entirely dispelled by the changes with which the Third Age ended.[24] In time the Hobbits began to forget again:[25] the original Red Book has not been preserved,[26] and only a legend of Mad Baggins, who used to vanish with a bang and a flash and reappear with bags of jewels and gold, lived on long after all the true events were forgotten.[27]
The Fourth Age was held to have begun with the departure of Master Elrond, in September 3021; but for purposes of record in the Kingdom Fourth Age 1 was the year that began in March 25, 3021, old style.
This reckoning was in the course of the reign of King Elessar adopted in all his lands except the Shire, where the old calendar was retained and Shire Reckoning was continued. Fourth Age 1 was thus called 1422; and in so far as the Hobbits took any account of the change of Age, they maintained that it began with 2 Yule 1422, and not in the previous March.[28]
[The dates below are given according to the Shire-reckoning and the Gondor calendar. “1423 (2/3)” means “S. R. 1423 = last three months of F. A. 2 / first nine months of F. A. 3”.]
[1] HoME 12, ch. VIII.
[2] Ibid., ch. VI.
[3] Ibid., ch. VIII.
[4] LotR, Appendix A II.
[5] Letter no. 244 (c. 1963).
[6] LotR, Appendix A II.
[7] LotR, Appendix B, ‘The Great Years’.
[8] LotR, book VI, ch. 5.
[9] Derived from LotR, Appendix A I (iv).
[10] LotR, book VI, ch. 6.
[11] See below, year 1427 (7).
[12] Derived from LotR, Appendix A I (iii).
[13] Letter no. 244.
[14] Derived from Letter no. 156 (1954).
[15] HoME 12, ch. VIII.
[16] LotR, Appendix A III.
[17] HoME 12, ch. VIII.
[18] Derived from HoME 12, ch. VII.
[19] LotR, Appendix B, ‘The Great Years’.
[20] LotR, Prologue, ‘Note on the Shire Records’.
[21] LotR, Appendix B, ‘The Great Years’.
[22] Derived from LotR, Appendix A I (v).
[23] LotR, Prologue, ‘Note on the Shire Records’.
[24] The Adventures of Tom Bombadil and other verses from the Red Book, preface (written in 1962).
[25] Derived from UT, ‘The Quest of Erebor’.
[26] LotR, Prologue, ‘Note on the Shire Records’.
[27] Derived from LotR, book I, ch. 2.
[28] LotR, Appendix D.
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    Надписи города К.: апдейт 2011/2021. Рожи города К.: детская площадка в локдауне.

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    – Років з двадцять п’ять товчусь поміж земляками – знаю багато їх. І завсігди бачив одно: справа починається широко, тягнеться вузько і кінчається…